Oltu Journal of Faculty of
Humanities and Social Sciences

Editors
Cavit Yeşilyurt 
Department of Econometrics, Atatürk University, Oltu Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
ORCID: 0000-0001-9814-4085 
E-Mail: [email protected] 

Hüseyin Yılmaz
Department of Business Administration, Atatürk University, Oltu Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4105-450X
E-mail: [email protected]

Associate Editors
Esra Karakuş Umar
Department of Social Service, Atatürk University, Oltu Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
ORCID: 0000-0003-1764-9394 
E-Mail: [email protected]

Fatih Sobacı
Department of Finance Banking and Insurance, Gazi Osman Paşa University, Niksar Vocational School, Tokat, Turkey
ORCID: 0000-0002-2261-5079 
E-Mail: [email protected]

Fırat Altınkaynak 
Department of Banking and Finance, Atatürk University, Oltu Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey 
ORCID: 0000-0003-0960-2254 
E-Mail:  [email protected]

Gülşah Özdemir Baki 
Department of Finance, Atatürk University, Oltu Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
ORCID: 0000-0002-1497-6528 
E-Mail:  [email protected] 

Zeynep Başerer Berber
Department of Social Service, Atatürk University, Oltu Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
ORCID: 0000-0002-5422-8532 
E-Mail: [email protected] 

Editorial Board
Abdullah ŞENGÜL 
Department of New Turkish Literature Education, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Faculty of Science Literature, Nevşehir, Turkey

Adem POLAT
Department of Turkish Language and Literature, Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University,  Faculty of Literature, Ankara, Turkey

Ahmet AYIK 
Department of Education Management, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Ahmet UZUN 
Department of Finance Theory, Akdeniz University,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Antalya, Turkey

Ahmet YAYLA 
Department of Philosophical, Social and Historical Foundations of Education, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Education,Van, Turkey

Ahmet Zeki ÜNAL 
Department of General Sociology and Methodology, Bursa Technical University,  Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Bursa, Turkey

Ali Sinan BİLGİLİ 
Department of Social Studies Education, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Ali UTKU
Department of History of Philosophy, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Literature, Erzurum, Turkey

Aslan GÜLCÜ
Department of Computer and Instructional Technology Education, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education , Erzurum, Turkey

Cavit YEŞİLYURT 
Department of operations, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey 

Durmuş KILIÇ 
Department of Classroom Education, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Esra KARAKUŞ UMAR 
Department of Social Service, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Fatih Coşkun ERTAŞ 
Department of Accounting and Finance, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Fatih SAVAŞAN 
Department of Finance, Sakarya University,  Faculty of Political Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey

Fırat ALTINKAYNAK 
Department of Banking and Finance, Atatürk University, Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Gülşah ÖZDEMİR BAKİ 
Department of Finance Theory, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Güven DELİCE 
Department of Banking, Sivas Cumhuriyet University,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Sivas, Turkey

Güven MURAT 
Department of Management and Labor Sociology, Karadeniz Technical University,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Trabzon, Turkey

Hakkı AKTAŞ 
Department of Organizational Behavior, İstanbul University, Faculty of Business, İstanbul, Turkey

Hamza Yaşar OCAK 
Department of Physics, Kütahya Dumlupınar University, Faculty of Science Literature, Kütahya,Turkey

Hasan TUTAR 
Department of Public Relations and Promotion, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Faculty of Communication, Bolu, Turkey

İbrahim SARITAŞ 
Department of  Radio, Television and Cinema, Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University, Faculty of  Communication, Ankara, Turkey

Köksal ALVER 
Department of Sociology of Institutions, İstanbul University, Faculty of Literature, İstanbul, Turkey

Lokman CERRAH 
Department of Social Service, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Muammer DEMİREL 
Department of Social Studies Education, Bursa Uludağ University, Faculty of Education, Bursa, Turkey

Muammer ŞİMŞEK 
Department of Economic Policy, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Sivas, Turkey

Muhsin HALİS
Department of Management and Organization, Kocaeli University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Kocaeli, Turkey

Murat DİLMAÇ 
Department of Banking and finance, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

M. Fedai ÇAVUŞ 
Department of Information Management Systems, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Osmaniye, Turkey

Naci İSPİR 
Department of Basic Communication Sciences, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Communication, Erzurum, Turkey

N. Hikmet POLAT   
Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University, Ankara, Turkey

Ömer BİLEN 
Department of Information Systems and Technologies, Atatürk University, Applied Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Ömer KARAOĞLU 
Department of Economic History, İstanbul University,  Faculty of Economy, İstanbul, Turkey

Rafet BEYAZ 
Department of Business, Atatürk University, Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Sema POLATCI 
Department of Business Administration, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Tokat, Turkey

Soner TASLAK
Department of Management and organization, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University,  Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Muğla, Turkey

Tevfik İŞLEYEN 
Department of Mathematics Education, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Tuba ÖZKAN 
Department of Banking and Finance, Atatürk University, Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Tuncer GÖVDELİ 
Department of Finance Theory, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Tuncay CEYLAN 
Department of Social Studies Education, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Yasin SOYLU 
Department of Mathematics Education, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Yusuf AKAN 
Department of Economic Theory, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Yahya FİDAN 
Department of International Logistics and Transport, İstanbul Ticaret University,  Faculty of Business, İstanbul, Turkey

Zekerya AKKUŞ 
Department of Social Studies Education, Atatürk University, Faculty of Kazım Karabekir Education, Erzurum, Turkey

Zeynep BAŞERER BERBER
Department of Social Service, Atatürk University,  Faculty of Oltu Humanities and Social Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey



Founder
İbrahim Kara
 
General Manager

Ali Şahin
 
Publishing Directors

İrem Soysal
Gökhan Çimen
  
Editor

Gizem Kayan Tekaüt
 
Publications Coordinators

Arzu Arı
Deniz Kaya
Bahar Albayrak
Gamze Bilgen
Irmak Berberoğlu
Alara Ergin
Hira Gizem Fidan
Defne Doğan
Vuslat Taş

Web Coordinators
Sinem Fehime Koz
Doğan Oruç

Finance Coordinators
Elif Yıldız Çelik
Osman Yalçın

 

TURKISH
ISSN 2757-6841